plen 01506 333 129 Mon - Sat: 8.30 - 17.00
Broom House, Quarrywood Court, Livingston EH54 6AX
plen 01506 333 129 Mon - Sat: 8.30 - 17.00
Broom House, Quarrywood Court, Livingston EH54 6AX

Electrotherapy In Physiotherapy

Electrotherapy in Physiotherapy is simply treatment with electricity. It may not sound appealing, but a current of the right intensity and frequency is completely safe for health and provides relief from many ailments. There are different types of electrotherapy, which vary in the intensity and frequency of the current produced. This makes electrotherapy very versatile and suitable for treating a wide range of conditions. A single treatment usually lasts several minutes and a series of treatments, usually between 5 and 20, is recommended for best results.

Types of electrotherapy

TENS electrotherapy

Has a strong analgesic effect. Particularly recommended for patients with spinal pain, muscle and joint pain, rheumatoid pain, discopathy, post-operative pain, neuralgia and phantom pain.


Direct current is applied to affected tissues. Iontophoresis can also be used to inject drugs under the subcutaneous tissue. This type of electrotherapy is particularly suitable for the treatment of chronic inflammatory conditions, rheumatic diseases, neuralgia, ulcers, scars, adhesions and micro-traumas.


Muscles are subjected to a pulsed current, resulting in contraction. Electrostimulation is used in the treatment of paresis and paralysis, as well as in the treatment of oedema, sores and ulcers.

Kotz currents (Russian stimulation)

They induce deep muscle contractions. Russian stimulation is used to stimulate and strengthen muscles. Kotz currents will prove useful in the treatment of scoliosis, muscle expansion in athletes, muscle weakness treatment of injuries such as fractures.


The treatment consists of the application of low-frequency direct current. Galvanisation acts on muscle and nerve tissue. It brings relief in such conditions as: discopathy, neuralgia, osteoarthritis, muscle strains and strains, nerve inflammations.

Diadynamic currents

Relieve a wide range of conditions such as sciatica, hemiplegia, neuralgia, discitis, osteoarthritis, post-traumatic conditions, frostbite, facial nerve palsy, Raymond’s disease.

Interference currents (Nemea currents)

Have an analgesic effect, regenerate tissues and improve circulation.

Electrotherapy – indications:

  • Muscle pain
  • Inflammation of muscles, tendons and joints
  • Muscle weakness
  • Muscle paralysis
  • Rheumatoid arthritis
  • Sciatica
  • Migraines
  • Neuromas
  • Discopathy
  • Spinal pains

Electrotherapy – contraindications:

  • Tumours
  • Cardiac pacemakers
  • Endoprostheses
  • Metal implants
  • Pregnancy
  • Inflammatory skin conditions
  • Thrombophlebitis
  • Sensory disorders
  • Infections
  • Fever

Electrotherapy – effects:

  • Analgesic and anti-inflammatory
  • Improves blood circulation
  • Anti-oedematous
  • Accelerates muscle and tissue regeneration

Electrotherapy – how does the treatment proceed?

Prior to the treatment, it is necessary to remove any electrically conductive objects such as jewellery, trouser belt, clothing containing metal components, etc. Failure to remove these may interfere with the treatment. The area to be treated must be uncovered. The physiotherapist will ask you to remove the garment in question. Depending on the condition, the treatment is carried out in a sitting or lying position. The physiotherapist will attach point electrodes to the body in the appropriate places. If an arm or leg is to be treated, the therapist may attach a tape that resembles a blood pressure cuff. The treatment lasts from a few minutes to a maximum of 20 minutes. Most often, a series of five to 20 treatments is required.

If you would like to talk to one of our specialists about Electrotherapy, please contact reception to make an appointment.

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